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    » ABSTRACT Have we looked at why the nation is running aground and the factories or industries are closing down? It is the "THEM" syndrome which puts the management on top and makes the organization as an object bigger than all its components to dictate policies. It expects the workforce below to carry out "business military orders". The result is that the average worker has no voice in the affairs of the organization where he/she works; and does not see his/her relevance and future within the organization. The organization then does not win the market and it goes under. The findings of the study show that a rapidly changing world places many demands on managers and employees all over the world, including the need to manage and plan organizational change effectively. These pressures for change sten from globalization, information revolution changing demographics, changing customer preference and tastes, rapid product obsolescence, changing labour force, technological transformations in both products and productions etc. All these and more are changing the structure and processes of organizations. Consequently, the study recommended among others that: (1) Industrial Democracy has been found as an indispensable import to redistribute power so that every voice can be heard to contribute to plans and decisions that affects the organization and individuals. (2) That freeflow of information helps to put the real performance of the organization in its right perspective while the organization benefits a great deal from variety of options. (3) Also democratising a workplace is the promotion of transparency and accountability among top managers in an organization. (4) It helps a lot in minimisation of labour conflicts. Although in the movement of globalisation, the relevance of unionism will be highly eroded, but physical organizations can reduce labour conflict with face-to-face and two-way communication....Continue Reading »

    Item Type: Project Material |  69 Pages |  2,087 engagements |  Share


    » Criminality is part and parcel of human nature and society. That is why no society can claim to be completely free of crimes. But the types of criminal behaviour tend to follow the pattern of social and economic development of a given society. It is therefore not unexpected that a society at a low level of development tends to experience an upsurge in the rate of violent crimes such as armed robber, politically motivated killings, the use of illegal weapons, ethnic and religious clashes and the like (Ohijini 2005: 1). Crime causes loss of live and property as well as overwhelming fear of insecurity. These have serious consequences for democracy, economic development, social capital and associational life generally. Individual and societal aspirations for democracy, development, human rights, high standard of living are undermined by high level of crime. Increase in violent crime and delinquency, is a common feature of countries in transition. This has been attributed to the uncontrollable nature of change in its formative stage, demobilization or dismantling of repressive security apparatuses used by previous authoritarian regimes in controlling crime and the unequal socio-economic opportunities brought about by economic liberalization programs. What differentiate societies 2 in transition from one another with regard to increase in common crimes and disorders are the policies and strategies that have been adopted by the governments to address them. Countries that have invested more in social crime prevention and in finding peaceful solutions to their political problems through transparent processes appear to have managed rise in criminal deviance and discontent better than others. ...Continue Reading »

    Item Type: Project Material |  124 pages |  2,087 engagements |  Share


    » ABSTRACT This study examined the administration of emergency relief programmes in Nigeria focusing on flood incident in Delta State. The study contended that many individuals, families and communities in Nigeria have suffered colossal lost both human lives and properties/valuable materials owing to the unexpected natural hazards especially the flood that ravaged some parts of Nigeria in which some parts of Delta State were mostly affected. However, efforts are usually put forward to help victims of hazards and to prevent future occurrence of hazards. In other words, both governmental and non-governmental organizations have rendered some kinds of assistance to victims of disasters in Nigeria. But the provision of relief assistance by the disaster management agencies in Nigeria is still not effective. Therefore the broad objective of this study is to undertake empirical investigation in the effectiveness of administration of emergency reliefs programme and the challenges in Nigeria. In more specific terms, this study intends to achieve the following: to examine the relationship between the pattern of administration of emergence relief programme and effective emergency management and administration of relief programmes in Delta State; to ascertain whether administration of emergency relief programmes has really ameliorates the suffering of the flood victims in Delta State; to assess the effects of inadequate government policies on disaster management and poor funding on disaster management agencies in Delta State; and to suggest measures towards reducing occurrence and management of disasters as well as improving the administration of emergency relief programmes in Nigeria. The data used in this study was collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary methods/sources were research instrument (questionnaire) and oral interview. Some research questions were asked as a guide to the respondents. The questionnaire contained (twelve questions) structured questions designed in both open and close ended style. In addition, the questionnaire was validated and administered accordingly. Secondary sources of data collection on the other hand, included textbooks, journal, government documents and internet materials. The study adopted tables, histogram tables, and descriptive method for data analysis. The data analysis revealed that: administration of emergency relief programmes in Nigeria particularly in Delta State has suffered a setback following the ineffectiveness of the public/government agencies discharged with disaster management; the pattern of administration of emergency relief programmes in Delta State create management problems especially in ensuring equitable distribution of relief materials; there are evidence of inadequate facilities to ensure effective administration emergency relief programmes in Delta State and Nigeria in general; the needed manpower and technical know-how in disaster management are not enough to meet up with the challenges in Delta State; the failure and inadequacies of administration of emergency relief programmes in Delta State is partially blamed on the poor funding of the government agencies charged with disaster management in the State; there is evidence of non-enforcement of some environmental management policies in reducing reoccurrence of flood disasters in Delta State; disaster or risk reduction and prevention planning in Nigeria especially in the oil-producing states is still low. Based on the above findings, the study recommended that government should provide adequate relief materials to flood victims in the flood prone areas in Nigeria and contingency planning which will provide preventive solutions such as construction of drainages and evacuation of flood danger zones to safer places. Also, more emergency management facilities should be provided to the government disaster management agencies to make them well equipped to help victims. ...Continue Reading »

    Item Type: Project Material |  114 pages  |  2,087 engagements |  Share


    » ABSTRACT The improvement in management sciences and technology, which demands complex skills, knowledge, and experiences has made staff training a compulsory task. It is because of this trend that this work is being carried out inorder to evaluate the training and development programmes in Nigeria Public Sector with special reference to MB-Anambra Motor Manufacturing Company, Emene, Enugu State. The research equally probes into the impact of Human resources training and development on workers’ productivity. In carrying out this research work , sources of data were drawn from both primary and secondary sources. Simple statistical methods such as tables, mean, frequencies and percentages were used in data analysis. However, chi-square (X2) was used to test the two hypothesis formulated. The researcher made the following findings among others in the caurse of the study: a. Mercedez-Benz ANAMMCO has a formal training programme. b. Training and development is a regular phenomena in MB-ANAMMCO. c. Periodic training has indeed increased the productivity of MB- ANAMMCO and the present high productivity of MB-ANAMMCO could be attributed to the high priority given to training and development by the management of the company. d. We also discovered that there is significant relationship between employee training and productivity. e. Majority of the workers of MB-ANAMMCO do not have job satisfaction. f. Workers of MB-ANAMMCO need the following fringe benefits as a source of motivation: Leave allowance, Travel tours allowance, Hazard allowance, and Housing allowance. organizational productivity. They are seen as an important tool for implementing strategies as it increases skills of employee. New and inexperienced employees have to be taught how to operate equipment and so on through orientation, while experienced ones have to be re developed to do things better, thus itrained and ncreasing their skills and knowledge. It is in this regard that this study is being undertaken to look into Human Resource Training and Development and their effects on workers productivity with special reference to the Mercedez ManuBenz Anambra Motor facturing Company Ltd (ANAMMCO), Emene, Enugu. The company has a training school which is located within the premises at Emene, Enugu. The school even admit external candidates. Apart from the school which feeds the company with manpower, the management organizes seminars and workshop for both senior and junior staff. There is a big library located inside the compound where journals, p staff use. MBeriodicals and textbooks are kept for ANAMMCO training programme involves both on and offthe-- job trainings which range from three months to one year. theJob Occasionally, some staff are sent to the parent company at Stuggart Germany for training. Also, some expatriate experts do come from Germany to train staff here in Nigeria. The company spends a lot of time and money on these programmes as they make use of highly versatile resource persons....Continue Reading »

    Item Type: Project Material |  138 pages |  2,087 engagements |  Share

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